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How To Pick A Good Watermelon

How To Pick A Good Watermelon?  - Watermelon plant is already producing fruit after the age of 70 to 100 days after planting in the planting area, depending on weather conditions and the type of seed planted. Plants that bear fruit can be harvested at the same time simultaneously, but not at the same fruiting plants are usually picked twice. At first been picking fruit old. In the second picking, all the fruit picked, because the plants had dried foliage and fruit could not develop; learned also on the third occasion, ie a few days later, when it is possible.



RESULTS PICKING HARVEST

How To Pick A Good Watermelon - Fruits that are old, when plucked color is light-colored flesh. But after two days, the fruit flesh color will grow old, but the weight of the fruit will be slightly declining. Usually, farmers sell directly after the fruit is picked to middlemen in the harvest takes place. The fruit is weighed using a hanging scale after being selected by the class of fruit, which is divided into:
  • Class A: Fruit size of 4 kg upwards, perfectly shaped according to the type of seed, are not deformed or porous.
  • Class B: 2-4 kg fruits are perfectly shaped according to the type of seed, no defects; Fruit size of 4 kg and above who suffered deformities or defects that are still within the tolerance limits
  • Class C (Small): Fruit size under 2 kg, the fruit is ripe and consumed.
  • Class D or Class former sort order: 
The fruit is the fruit of all sizes with disabilities beyond the limits of tolerance of each class, but still worthy to be consumed.
  • Class bad fruit consumption, due to decay, raw, and other causes.
How To Pick A Good Watermelon - Fruit picking is done at the time the weather was beautiful and sunny, picking fruit in the dry condition of the skin surface of the fruit, so that can be retained for some time at the retail level. Fruit picking jobs, need to pay attention to several aspects:

1. Maturity of Fruit
Watermelon is old (mature) should be picked so that no severe shrinkage and quality. Signs of fruit ready to be picked are:
  • Fruit stalk smaller, until you see does not match the size of the fruit. Stalk as it is not hairy, and usually tend striped brown in some time more and more dominant.
  • Shiny fruit color.
  • Tendrils at the base of the small pieces and dried up.
  • Fruit section located on the foundation to change color from white to dark yellow.
  • When tapped, the fruit that has parents tend to put out high notes. In this way must be done carefully, because at a certain kind of watermelon is easy to crack the fruit skin.
2. How Plucking
The fruit is picked at a time can be directly cut with scissors at the fruit stalk distance 7 cm from the fruit. The planned picked fruit gradually been really old, then picked as the above

3. The Mode of Transport
* From the Plantation to the Place Weighing
If the planting area is located in the middle of rice field environment so that vehicles can not reach the area of cultivation, the fruit is transported by a basket by dry straw mat then be picked up or carried to the place of weighing.

* From the Planting Site to Get to a Shelter
Fruit that has been weighed arranged on the vehicle floor that has been coated with a 10-15 cm thick dry straw. High maximum composition 7 pieces, with a coating of dry straw in each fruit. Fruit horizontal position (horizontal).

4. The Storage Method
* Indoors Temperature
The fruit is placed horizontally on the shelves in the refrigerator; arranged so that the fruit first entry will first be sold. Humidity in the room is set on the number range 80% -85%, room temperature (cold room) of 4.4 ° Celsius (about 40 degrees Fahrenheit).

* In the Room Without Temperature Control
In such a storage room, a straw as flooring must be completely dry, so as not to cause rot on the fruit due to moisture from wet straw. Air circulation (ventilation) must be guaranteed; not exposed to sunlight and clean of pests. Fruit to be stored fresh, no holes to eject the liquid, dried fruit skin properly.

Fruits maximum of 3 pieces arranged horizontally, with the given floor mat 10-15 cm thick dry straw and a little dry straw inserted in each arrangement of fruit.

* Special Treatment
Fruit stemmed already seen rot because of late-picked because of unfavorable weather (eg rain often her), exfoliated using a sharp knife that is soaked with a fungicide or bactericide before use.

POSTHARVEST HANDLING

Most farmers will re-cultivate watermelon productive land have been harvested for replanting with the same plant. It turned out that the two crops were no less good with yields earlier period, even lower costs than the costs incurred in the planting of the previous period. This can occur because:

  • The cost for testing is not necessary to hold land.
  • Costs can be saved because of a raised bed on the second planting period, beds that have been there only a few overhauled. The cost of planting materials and drugs can be saved because there is a possibility that the drug and the remainder of the planting material that is the less good period I became better in the planting season next year.
  • Indirectly, the time required for preparation of the planting of the second period is shorter so the cost of the land lease can be saved.

Before deciding relocation of planting the second period, the relocation itself needs to be considered:

  • Is the harvest period I evaluated it turns profitable? If you fail to lose, it is necessary to find the cause. If losses occur due to technical factors that are not due to environmental conditions or circumstances on the ground the area, then relocate it can be done for the planting period II
  • Whether the estimated time needed for planting to harvest the second period was enough, that is yet to come the rainy season. Should we ignore this aspect, because many farmers are still planting watermelons in the rainy season and the results are good so that watermelon is available on the market throughout the year?

If both of the above aspects has Kila carefully and the result turned out to support the relocation of the second stage, we can seek relocation. Relocation processing stages are as follows:

1. Form Overhauled to Move the Line Seedbed Planting

Beds need to be changed such that the lines remain on edge planting beds, but with new land, in the planting period, I have not experienced the basic fertilization stage so it can be expected to contain elements of earth "new" is still incomplete.

Seedbed can be dismantled for a relocation of this second period only planting beds that follow the pattern of the form:
* Single Beds with Double Cropping lines
The procedure for embankment overhaul, are shown in the following:


From the picture above, it appears the middle embankment drainage ditches dug into the road at the same time care. The excavated soil used to fill the old drainage channels to form new beds with central axle occupies the former old drainage channel (first growing period).

* The Pile with a Single Shape Pattern and Lined a Single Plant
Patterns form of beds thus most easily done again, because it is not necessary to overhaul but enough with the reversal of the direction of plant growth or removal of rows planted on the side of the bed.

To detail can be seen in the following figure:

The form of beds single beds lined cropping pattern single

* Beds are Using the Pillar and Fruit Shelf
Should not be replanted after the planting period I learned a result because we can not move rows planted in the area of "new" unspoiled by plant roots in the period before planting. If desired, re-planting, the soil should be stirred stages of processing such as cropping land in the period I.

How To Pick A Good Watermelon - Coercion reshuffle seedbed for planting relocation II period are at increased risk of crop failure is quite large. For commercial purposes, workmanship beds as this are not profitable. Therefore, better find a new location or a total overhaul of the land as the process of opening new land.

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