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Watermelon Plant Care - Part II

Watermelon Plant Care - Rods are the leaves too long also can cut edges so that the internal power that is used for the development of the fruit, without the need for a similar force for the growth of shoots or stems elongation useless.
Scissors cuts scars can be smeared with fungicides or herbicides to prevent infectious diseases. To facilitate the application of the drug workmanship, use a small brush.

POLLINATION MADE



* On time
* Appropriate
  • Male flowers as pollinators we take the pollen that is in the middle of the petals using a small brush clean and dry.
  • Brush already adhere pollen on the stigma we apply at a female flower in the middle of the flower crown until evenly distributed. Basting workmanship should be done with caution so that interest is not broken.
  • The interest that has been spread pollen we cover with paper bags that we have prepared.
  • Artificial pollination may also be done without the brush, the male flowers directly Kila apply pollen to the stigma of the female flower. But this way contains a risk of damage to the female flowers are quite large.
  • Each male flower can be used for fruit pollination female flowers, depending on the extent of the pollen that is owned by the male flower itself.
  • Oil paper bags do not need to let go because it will break by itself a few days later after developing fruit.
  • The main branch we choose propagated on foot pillar, so at later the fruit can reach the shelves of fruit that we have prepared. We can also cultivate a lateral branch, which then we propagation on the surface of the bed.
  • Leaves that are too dense should be cut, in order to plant vines under a shelf that can be exposed sun.
  • The binding or trimming can be done with
  • help stool high enough to be able to reach the top pillar freely, without damaging the plants and plant beds.
SPECIAL HANDLING OF USING PILLAR SEEDBED RACK AND FRUIT
  • 150 sticks of bamboo, the minimum length of 5 meters.
  • Wire ties as necessary; The minimum wire diameter of 1 mm.
  • Machete to split and soften the bamboo shards. Saws for cutting bamboo. Pliers to tighten the wire bonding.
  • Choose bamboo to be used as legs of the stake, which at the same time as the support, starting from large diameter bamboo. Bamboo cut along 230-240 centimeters, then split apart as wide as 5-7 cm for the pillar.
  • The ends of the small bamboo can serve sliced fruit shelf. Parts for shelf width of at least 2 cm.
  • Parts of bamboo and then smoothed with a machete in order not to hurt the hand when held.
  • For ease of installation, parts of bamboo for the stake sharpened one end.
  • Parts of bamboo are assembled into a form of construction.
  • Pillar and fruit rack assembly is made after the plastic mulch is finally installed.
Watermelon Plant Care - Watermelon plants are flowering plants belonging not perfect (each flower has only one means of reproduction, ovary or pollen only). Therefore, to pollinate flowers require the aid of insects, wind and can be aided also by artificial pollination.

In the non-seed watermelon, human intervention is not so important, because with the help of nature alone pollinate flowers can already be underway. But if the purpose of commercial watermelon, we are required to intervene in terms of pollination so the results are absolutely reliable.

Non-seed watermelon plants have male flowers are infertile (infertile), to not be able to fertilize the female flowers. So, pollination must mate auxiliary male flowers of seeded watermelon plants. Female flowers watermelon plants begin to appear after the plant is approximately 17 days. Buddy may pollinate all the female flowers are available, then pal select the most excellent fruit.

Flowers of watermelon plants, both androgynous females or males are usually bright yellow. Female flowers can be easily distinguished from the male flowers for their prospective fruits that lie beneath

How artificial pollination
Good flower heart on male or female flowers shaped like a circle, divided into three segments. The difference in the core segments of male flowers lined with wattle (such as rooster wattle) which contains pollen. While the female flower-shaped core segments of uniform (flat) without wrinkles like the wattle.

In the process of artificial pollination, each core segment of the female flower pollen must Be Smeared taste. In the case of application of which is not on one of the three segments, fruit happens candidate will have deformed, until one day his form disproportionately.

To ensure the success of artificial pollination to note is timely and appropriate
The most appropriate time for artificial pollination is when the flowers bloom for the first time from the time of bud, because at that time the flower shape is still fresh and intact, so the reproductive fertility rate is still guaranteed.

Flowers will bloom in the next day can be easily observed in the afternoon. Flowers had been seen already yellow and quite large in size (flower buds are still green). To ensure the success of fertilization, the flowers will bloom next day, we give the patron a way that is not exposed to dew or rainwater. The protective material can be used container bamboo (baskets), measures about 10 x 10 cm; or the stem of a banana tree, split and cut into 10 cm; or conical hats made of leaves fairly wide. Male or female flowers must be given the cover material so that the condition is really ready for
Additional materials as artificial pollination tools should have endeavored that perspective fruit can be formed. Materials referred to are:

1). Containers male flowers
These containers use is to accommodate the male flowers that are picked according to many needs. The container should be able to provide a fresh atmosphere to the flowers that fit in it, so the flowers do not wilt before use.

2). The paper bag oil
This bag is useful to cover the already Female flower powder so the flowers can grow fruit without experiencing loss candidate or water-wet. In addition, with this bag, we can easily distinguish which ones we do not flower pollen, up to the risks of interest that we have not become smaller powders. Sufficient size paper bags 8 x 10 cm. Created oblong of greaseproof paper bonded with waterproof glue.

Watermelon Plant Care - Artificial pollination is carried out as follows:
It should be noted, at the time of applying pollen, fine hairs on the fruit prospective female flowers do not get touched by the hand, so as not to fail pollination.

REVERSAL OF FRUIT

Fruit reversal intention is to prevent damage to the fruit that sticks above the ground and make the fruit skin color evenly without streaks part due to no sunlight. But the reversal of fruit that is too often sometimes can cause jams fruit development. In contrast, the fruit that is not behind at all often hollow at the base of the fruit attached on top of the soil due gnawed by animals or fungi and bacteria, when frequently exposed to rain too long.

Reversal fruit is recommended only once in each period of planting, ie, after the fruit the size of a volleyball or weighs about 17 kg. At the time of the reversal of the fruit should be on the straw in place of fruit coupled with new straw. It's as well that at the beginning of planting, more precisely after the fruit will be maintained under the selected candidates are given an extra piece of hay. In this way, although it is not done reversal fruit, the situation remains guaranteed.

SPECIAL TREATMENT PLANT USING PLANTED THE WATERMELON STAKE

At the time of stem growth, the plants should be tied with a plastic rope on foot pillar.
1. Construction Steak and Rack Fruit
Construction pillar must be made up can be achieved hand (especially the atomizer plant), hold the load of fruit and shake. Rack pieces at once should be a reinforcement construction is formed.

The materials needed to construct the pillar and shelving pieces for each planting area of 1000 square meters is:
Tools workmanship
The stages of construction
2. Binding of Plant Stems
Watermelon Plant CareOnce the plant begins to creep up on foot pillar that we plant, we plant stems tied with plastic straps in order to erect the plant stem attached to the pillar. How binding should not be too tight so that the stem of the plant may be enlarged freely, not crushed plastic rope.
At stake use the system, plant stems are kept only two branches of the plant only. Can be selected between the main trunk and one or two lateral branches are allowed to grow. While we cut the main stem after seen the emergence of the lateral branches. Cutting the stem of the plant can use a knife or scissors. Scars our pieces spread with fungicides or available tub to prevent infectious germs. Two branches that we have chosen to maintain, tied to the pillar leg.

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