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Benefit of Otaheite Gooseberry




Otaheite Gooseberry | Cermai Benefits For Better Life - Not many know this one fruit. Fruit Cermai or which has Latin name "Phyllanthus Acidus" is a fruit that does not grow anywhere. The shape of this fruit is like a dense flower that is bright yellowish greenish and the flesh is whitish. The meat is watery and has a pretty sour and sour taste.


Otaheite Gooseberry | Cermai
which has Latin name "Phyllanthus Acidus"

In English, it is called Otaheite gooseberry, Malay gooseberry, and some other names. The scientific name is Phyllanthus Acidus. other names:
  • Malay gooseberry
  • Tahitian gooseberry
  • Country gooseberry
  • Star gooseberry
  • Starberry
  • West India Gooseberry
  • Orboroi (in Bangladesh)
  • Grosella (in Puerto Rico)
  • Jimbilin (in Jamaica)
  • Damsel (in St Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada)
  • Karamay (in the Northern Philippines)
  • Layuan (in the Bicol region of the Philippines)
  • Rata nelli (in Srilanka)
  • Bangkiling (in the Southern Philippines)
  • Cermai (in Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, and Malaysia)
  • Goanbili (in Maldives)
  • Sapra (in Belize)
The gooseberry tree is one of the trees with small yellow berries that can be eaten in the Phyllanthaceae family. Despite its name, this plant does not resemble gooseberry, except the acidity of the fruit. It is mostly cultivated for ornaments.

Fruit Cermai more often made sweets because it's sour taste. Of course, this fruit has beneficial benefits for our health. Cermai Fruits of mirage, ceremai, cereme or cerme is the name of a tree with its fruit once.
  1. Pemerian Habitus: tree, height ± 10 cm.
  2. Trunk: erect, round, woody, easily broken, rough, monopodial branching, light brown.
  3. Leaves: compound, oval, alternating, 5-6 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, flat edge, pointed tip, blunt base, pinnate pit, smooth, cylindrical stalk, ± 2 cm long, light green. Single leaf, round egg with pointed tip, 2-7 cm long, arranged in twigs like compound leaf pinnate
  4. Flowers: compound, round, in twigs, cylindrical stems, ± 1 cm long, light green, star-shaped petals, smooth, pink crown. Fruit: round, curved surface, whitish yellow. Fruit The flowers are single or double, red, 4, arranged in panicles up to 12 cm.
  5. Seed: round flat, light brown. Roots: riding, light brown (Hutapea, 1994) Shrubs or small trees with altitudes of up to 9 m, branching low and tenuous. At a glance, the mirror tree is not unlike the starfruit tree wuluh. Fruit stone, round with 6-8 ribs, whitish yellow resembles a candle, diameter up to 2.5 cm, hanging alone or in a string.
Flesh whitish fruit, sour and watery, in the middle there is a hardcore with 4-6 grains of seed. Benefits Leaves, bark, and wood contain saponins, flavonoids, tannins, and polyphenols. Roots contain saponins, gallic acid, tannins, and toxic substances (toxic). Fruit contains vitamin C. Leaves efficacious as peluruh sputum, laxative (purgative), nausea, cancer, and canker sores.

Skin efficacious overcome asthma and skin diseases. Skin root and fruit efficacious as a laxative. Seeds to treat constipation and nausea. In Thailand, plant roots are used as rehabilitation from someone who is addicted to alcohol. This treatment is very effective, but it turned out to cause chronic side effects are quite serious.

Vongvanich et al (2000) reported the discovery of Norbisabolane glycoside compounds Phyllanthusols A and B which are cytotoxic to BC and KB cell lines. Phyllanthusols A (1) and B (2) show cytotoxicity to BC (EC50 at 4.2 and 4.0 μg / mL for 1 and 2, respectively) and KB (EC50 at 14.6 and 8.9 μg / mL for 1 and 2, respectively) Cell lines, whereas aglycon 3 and saccharide 4 did not show any toxic effects.

This compound is present in plants with high caustic carbohydrates (ca. 1 mg / g wet weight) and cytotoxic glycosides nor bisabolene g1 at P. acidus root, which may be responsible for chronic illness when one takes the root extract of this plant. Fruits are often eaten freshly mixed with sugar, salt or as the salad.

Cerme is also often made sweets, boiled or made a refreshing drink. The young leaves are used as a salad. The decoction of the root of the mirror is used to relieve asthma and treat skin diseases. Tanners are also produced from the root bark. The mirror tree is often planted as a shade or decoration of yard and garden.

This tree can grow in the tropics and subtropics, likes a damp place to a height of about 1,000 m above sea level. Cerme can be cultured by seed or cuttings.

Origin and Distribution


This species is believed to have originated in Madagascar and has been carried to the East Indies. Quisumbing says that it was introduced, into the Philippines in prehistoric times and is cultivated throughout those islands but not extensively. It is more commonly grown in Indonesia, South Vietnam, and Laos, and frequently in northern Malaya, and in India in home gardens. The tree is a familiar one in villages and on farms in Guam, where the islands are favored by children, and in Hawaii and some other Pacific Islands.

It was introduced into Jamaica from Timor in 1793 and has been casually spread throughout the Caribbean Islands and to the Bahamas and Bermuda. It has long been naturalized in southern Mexico and the lowlands of Central America and is occasionally grown in Colombia, Venezuela, Surinam, Peru and Brazil. Formerly an escape from cultivation in South Florida, there are now scattered specimens remaining here as

If left longer, the flesh shrivels and the juice can be strained off as a clear, pale yellow syrup. In Indonesia, the tart flesh is added to many dishes as a flavoring. The juice is used in cold drinks in the Philippines. Bahamian cooks soak the whole fruits in salt water overnight to reduce the acidity, then rinse, boil once or twice, discarding the water, then boil with an equal amount of sugar until thick, and put up in sterilized jars without removing seeds.

The repeated processing results in considerable loss of flavor. Fully ripe fruits do not really require this treatment. If cooked long enough with plenty of sugar, the fruit and juice turn ruby-red and yield a sprightly jelly. In Malaya, the ripe or unripe Otaheite gooseberry is cooked and served as a relish or made into a thick syrup or sweet preserve. It is also combined with other fruits in making chutney and jam because it helps these products to "set". Often, the fruits are candied, or pickled in salt. In the Philippines, they are used to make vinegar. The young leaves are cooked as greens in India and Indonesia.

Kinship Type

The fruits are closely related to malacca trees (Phyllanthus Emblica) and Meniran (P. Niruri); Both are medicinal plants.

Nutrient Content

Nutritional Value Per 100 g
1 Ascorbic Acid 4.6 mg
2 Ash 0.51 g
3 Calcium 5.4 mg
4 Carotene 0.019 mg
5 Fat 0.52 g
6 Fiber 0.8 g
7 Iron 3.25 mg
8 Moisture 91.9 g
9 Niacin 0.292 mg
10 Protein 0.155 g
11 Phosphorus 17.9 mg
12 Riboflavin 0.013 mg
13 Thiamine 0.025 mg

Leaf Cermai content

While in the leaf contains Saponin, Flavanoid, Tanin, and Polyphenols. Then at the root contains Saponin, Gallus Acid, Substance Samak, and Toxic.

Other Uses Wood:

The wood is light brown, fine-grained, attractive, fairly hard, strong, tough, durable if seasoned, but scarce, as the tree is seldom cut down.

Root bark:

The root bark has limited use in tanning in India. Medicinal Uses: In India, the fruits are taken as a liver tonic, to enrich the blood. The syrup is prescribed as a stomachic, and the seeds are cathartic. The leaves, with added pepper, are poulticed on sciatica, lumbago or rheumatism. A decoction of the leaves is given as a sudorific. Because of the mucilaginous nature of the leaves, they are taken as a demulcent in cases of gonorrhea.

The root is drastically purgative and regarded as toxic in Malaya but is boiled and the steam inhaled to relieve coughs and headache. The root infusion is taken in very small doses to alleviate asthma. Externally, the root is used to treat psoriasis of the soles of feet. The juice of the root bark, which contains saponin, gallic acid, tannin and a crystalline substance which may be lupeol, has been employed in criminal poisoning. The pickled sap from various parts of the tree is biotic and laxative.

Benefits of Cermai Fruit For Our Health
Phyllanthus Acidus
first is to treat constipation

  • 1. Treating Constipation
The benefits of Cermai for the health of the first is to treat constipation. Because it contains lots of Vitamin C, Cermai fruit has the benefit of digestion and overcome constipation. Just like other vitamin C fruit, this fruit is suitable for intestinal cleansing.
How to use
  1. Prepare a mirage seed about 3/4 teaspoon, then washed and rolled until smooth.
  2. Then brewed with 1/2 hot water.
  3. While warmly add 1 tablespoon of honey and mix well and drink at once.
  4. You can drink it regularly twice a day.
The other way
  1. Prepare the leaves of the mirror as much as 3 grams
  2. Wash and mash until smooth
  3. Brewed with 1/2 cup using hot water and chill
  4. You can drink it with the dregs.

  • 2. Overcoming Asthma
For people with asthma, good news for you. For fruit Cermai was able to treat asthma.
How to use:
  1. Boil pieces of six seeds Cermai fruit with a few glasses of water.
  2. Add the red onions, roots kara, litchi, and a little sugar according to taste.
  3. Drink until the breath feels again recovered.
Other ways:
  1. Take about 6 seeds of fruits
  2. Combine with shallots 2 grains, kara root (Dolichos lablab) 1/4 handheld and 8 grains of litchi
  3. All materials are washed and then ground.
  4. Boil all ingredients and let it boil 2 cups water until remaining 1 1/2 cups.
  5. Chill and drink with enough sugar water.

  • 3. Relieve Cancer
The most amazing, fruit Cermai also has benefits for our health, especially for people with cancer. Treatment of Cancer disease does not cost a bit. But try consumption of fruit Cermai to get good results.

How to use:
  1. Prepare cermai young leaves as much as 1/4 handheld
  2. Handheld third starfruit leaves lots Upas half finger, half finger Chinese yam, palm sugar 3 fingers, washed and cut into pieces as needed. 
  3. The material was then boiled in 3 cups water until 3/4 parts left behind. After chilling filtered, ready to be drunk. 3 times a day, each 3/4 cup enough. 

    • 4. Healthy Skin
    Vitamin C contained in fruit Cermai provide benefits to our skin. The skin will be bright, clean, and soft. Vitamin C plays an important role in skin health affairs. Therefore try this fruit consumption in any form because vitamin C is high. What's more for those who have problems with acne and dull skin.

    • 5. As Slimming Because of Digestion
    Cermai fruit becomes the fruit that can help slimming body. Did you know that acid foods can make the stomach to be slim? Well, fruits Cermai that has a sour taste can also make the stomach becomes slimmer when consumed regularly. This is because the digestion is supported and the appetite is reduced slightly due to the taste of acid on the tongue. The trick is to drink boiled water leaf mirror. Keep in mind is this drug works very strongly, therefore consume it efficiently only occasionally.

    • 6. Adding Immunity
    Fruit Cermai contains nutrients that can increase our immune system. Nutritional enough as a regular nutritional enhancer. This is also due to the Flavonoids that make antioxidants. But do not also excessive consumption.
    • 7. Nourish the Bones
    Calcium and iron contained in this fruit can help nourish the bones to keep strong and not porous. Bones will be stronger.

    • 8. Good For Fruit Conspiracy
    The fruit becomes a good fruit is consumed and does not interfere with growth. In fact, this fruit is a good fruit to help the growth because of its many nutritional contents.

    • 9. Treat Asthma and Cancer
    Please ask your doctor first. Because the effects received may vary depending on the condition of the illness and the patient. Ask if your condition is adequate to be given an alternative intake.

    Fruit Shrimp that has a shape like grapes Wine does have many nutrients, but the advice should not eat too much of this fruit what else when eating processed products. Carbohydrates are not so much to make this fruit is not so filling for consumption.

    At a glance when you see the tree where the fruit of Cermai grows, we will immediately imagine the shape of the growth of grapes. Fruit Cermai usually adjacent each other and grow neatly lined up. Fruit maturity can be seen from the different yellow color - different. But still, want the raw or also mature, it will be wry, This fruit grows in many countries including in Indonesia so that we can enjoy the benefits of fruit mirror regularly.

    Scientific Classification
    Kingdom Plantae
    Subkingdom Tracheobionta
    Superdivision Spermatophyta
    Division Magnoliophyta
    Class Magnoliopsida
    Subclass Rosidae
    Order Euphorbiales
    Family Euphorbiaceae
    Genus Phyllanthus
    Species Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels
    Binomial Name
    Phyllanthus acidus(L.) Skeels.
    Sinonim
    - Cicca acidua (L.) Merr.
    - Cicca disticha L.
    - Phyllanthus distichus (L.) Mull. Arg
    Well enough so many discussions about the benefits of this Carica fruit. The less and more I apologize if there is a mistake in writing. Final words please leave your trail below as support and participation.

    Resources:

    - Wikipedia
    - hort.purdue.edu
    - farmasi.ugm.ac.id


    source : https://infocultures.blogspot.com/

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