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Cempedak | Benefits For Better Life

What is Cempedak?
the aroma is often strong piercing like durian fruit

Cempedak | Benefits For Better Life. Cempedak is a fruit plant from the family Moraceae. The shape of the fruit, taste, and fragrance like jackfruit, although the aroma is often strong piercing like durian fruit.

Distribution of Habitat

This plant originated in Southeast Asia and is widely spread from the Tenasserim region of Burma, the Malay Peninsula including Thailand, and parts of the archipelago: Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, Maluku to Papua. Also widely found in western Java.

Widely known as Cempedak or campedak, this fruit also has several local names such as bangkong (cempedak forest, wild form in Malaysia), baroh (Kep Lingga and Johor), jacket beurit (Sunda), nongko cino (Java), forest cubadak (Minangkabau) tiwadak (Banjar) and others.


Trees are always green, while the large and tall tree trunks can reach 20m although most only reach a dozen meters. Twigs and shoots with fine hair and stiff, brownish single homes (monoecious).

The thin leaves are slightly stiff like the skin, stemmed, rounded up to an ellipse, 2.5-5 × 5-25 cm, edged flat (integer, whole), with the base of the peg to the round, and the pointed tip (acuminate). Leaf stalk 1-3 cm. Leaves round oval, tapered, wire-haired, easy to fall out and leave marks in the form of a ring on twigs.

Individual inflorescence, appearing in the armpits of the leaf, on large branches or on the main stem (cauliflory), on short leaf-specific shoots. Male bouquets are shaped like a mace or spindle, 1 × 3-5.5 cm, pale green or yellowish, 3-6 cm in diameter. A female flower-shaped crown flower, with flowers, stuck 1.5 mm deep in the axle shaft and free part about 3 mm.
Cempedak Fruit mean?

Pseudoplastic fruits (syncarp) are cylindrical to round, 10-15 × 20-35 cm, greenish, yellowish to brownish, with pyramidal bulges similar to soft, dense soft spines plotting with facet eyes. The real 'fruit flesh' is a jewelry of enlarged and thickened flowers, yellowish white to orange, sweet and fragrant, soft texture, slippery slimy on the tongue and somewhat fibrous. Unlike jackfruit, the overall mass of fruit flesh along with sterile or failing flowers (known as 'dami') easily escapes the pseudo shaft ('heart') of false fruits when ripe. Round or split seeds, 2-3 cm long.

Results and usability

Fruits are eaten fresh or processed first. Cempedak fruit flesh, sometimes with the seeds once, given flour, sugar or salt and fried, served as a snack for tea or coffee. The seeds can be fried, boiled or baked, before being eaten with a small salt mixture. Young fruit, as young jackfruit, can be used as a vegetable.

The wood is of good quality, strong and durable, so it is often used as building timber, furniture, or boat materials. Its fibrous wooden bark can be used as a rope material, and its sap is to keep the birds. From the wood can also be produced a yellow dye.

In Borneo, Cempedak or Banjar languages tiwadak, in addition to fruit and seeds consumed, the skin can be processed into food called mandai or there are also called dami. Mandai is made by peeling the skin until the fruit looks white then soaked with salt water to preserve and soften the texture. The soaking can be done for several hours even up to a month. Mandai is usually consumed by frying until browned.


what is Cempedak or champedak
Cempedak can also cross naturally with jackfruit

Naturally, wild Cempedak found in lowland rainforest, both primary and secondary forests. It grows to an altitude of about 1000 m above sea level, this fruit tree loves areas with a dry season is not firm, land with a shallow groundwater surface, and even resistant flooded occasionally. Cempedak is usually grown in yards, mixed gardens, to complex agroforests, and rarely grow wild sparse into secondary forest. Cempedak can also cross naturally with jackfruit.

Benefits of Cempedak Fruit For Health

Who loves the fruit with this powerful aroma? Cempedak fruit at first glance is the same as fruit Jackfruit. Where the skin is small spiny green and the flesh is bright yellow. The aroma of Cempedak and Jackfruit fruit is equally strong but Cempedak fruit more champion. Many say the aroma of cempedak fruit is almost the same as the Durian fruit.
fried Cempedak
Oseng Mandai (cempedak skin) from Banjarmasin

Nutritional Content of Cempedak Fruit

Behind that fruit flavor is very sweet and makes you addicted. Cempedak fruit also contains many nutrients namely Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Enzyme, Bioflavonoid, and Ascorbic Acid. Because of the many nutrient contents of this fruit has benefits for our health.

  • 1. Healthy eyes
Who does not want to have healthy eyes? Cempedak fruit contains Vitamin A which helps to increase health in our eyes. There are many fruits and vegetables that contain Vitamin A but Cempedak fruit becomes one of the sweetest and delicious fruits to be consumed as a supplier of Vitamin A in the body.

  • 2. As foodstuff
Like jackfruit, cempedak fruit can also be processed into various preparations. Until now, in general, cempedak fruit flesh is only processed into the compote and fried. It tastes delicious, but keep in mind that fried fruit is not so good effect on the body. So to note also aspects of cleanliness and oil conditions while flying fruit.

  • 3. Lowering cholesterol in the blood
Cempedak fruit also has benefits for our body in terms of lowering cholesterol levels. Vitamin C content can repel bad cholesterol to prevent blood flow and help good cholesterol to flow smoothly. Bad cholesterol can cause many serious illnesses like heart disease.

  • 4. Relieves tumor
There are many health experts who say that Cempedak fruit is able to help treat tumor diseases. But until now there has been no definite thing about it. Seeing from its content such as bioflavonoid most likely can indeed help relieve tumors.

  • 5. Relieves Malaria
Bioflavonoid and enzyme content, as well as various vitamins in Cempedak fruit, are also said to help people with malaria to heal. Eat in raw or unprocessed form. Or you can say eat natural Cempedak fruit.

  • 6. Expel the parasite
In the body, we can roam many parasites that can disrupt the work of organs. In addition, these parasites can also cause unexpected diseases, Cempedak fruit has benefits to expel parasites - parasites that are not needed by our bodies.

  • 7. Maintain digestion
Cempedak fruit is also able to help and keep the digestive in our body running smoothly. Vitamin C content in this fruit is able to avoid us from constipation or difficult to defecate.

  • 8. Giving water intake
Cempedak fruit can not grow in a place that is not tropical because this fruit requires a lot of water intake to grow. Just like the benefits, because this fruit consumes a lot of water intake when growing, Cempedak fruit also contains a lot of water intake when consumed. And this helps to provide water intake in our body.

  • 9. Maintain body endurance
In addition to providing water intake, Cempedak fruit can also maintain our body resistance in the presence of bioflavonoid. Bioflavonoid can repel free radicals that can take healthy cells in our body. That's what keeps our body awake.

  • 10. Prevent the risk of stroke
Stroke disease becomes a disease that mostly suffered by people who continue to use. But not a few of them are still young age of this disease even children. Cempedak fruit also provides benefits in this regard by preventing the risk of stroke.

  • 11. Slimming body
Consuming Cempedak fruit will give a sense of satiety. This makes Cempedak fruit suitable for their food ingredients or you are intent on slimming. The nutritional content is enough to give a sense of satiety as well as forming the body.
Cempedak fruit is more difficult to find than fruit Jackfruit. Not many sell this fruit and to find it needs to know the center that sells this fruit. In other countries, cempedak fruit grows only in Southeast Asia. And mostly consumed by the people of Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Filiphina, and Vietnam.

Side Effects of Cempedak Fruit

Cempedak fruit containing Ascorbic Acid is recommended for not much - much or not consumed in excess amounts as it can make gas in the stomach. Especially for people with ulcer disease, this fruit can trigger the disease recurrent.

The closest kinship

  • Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)
  • Marang (Artocarpus odoratissimus)

Plant Crop Morphology

  • Root
    root cempedak
    can reach up to 25 meters
Cempedak (Artocarpus champeden Spreng.) Is a tree plant that can reach up to 25 meters in height and looks similar to that of jackfruit and belongs to the euphorbiceae family. The striking difference between the physical appearance of the jackfruit and cempedak plants lies in the more dense branches and the stems are more straight and taller.

Like jackfruit, cempedak is also rooted with a lot of ramifications. The main function of the root is to absorb nutrients from the soil, as well as to support the upright of the plant.

  • Trunk
In general, the cempedak rod is smaller than the jackfruit plant with an optimal diameter of 15 to 20 cm. Because classified into the family euphorbiceae, cempedak rod containing thick sap.
Trunk cempedak
as raw materials for making household

The cempedak rod has a smooth, grayish-brown surface. Cempedak rod is also very suitable to be used as raw materials for making household utensils because it is classified strong and resistant termites.

  • Leaf
    Leaf cempedak
    a single leaf with a more limp texture than jackfruit leaves
Leaves cempedak classified as a single leaf with a more limp texture than jackfruit leaves. Due to overgrown feathers, green cempedak leaves have a coarse texture if touched. Young leaves or buds are always covered with brown stipules. Stipula will fall by itself if the leaves age.

  • Flower
    cempedak flower
    In one tree there are male flowers and female flowers that grow apart
Like jackfruit, cempedak flower is also a compound interest. Flowers arranged in an ivory-filled flower. In one tree there are male flowers and female flowers that grow apart, so the cempedak plant belonging to one house plant.

  • Fruit
    cempedak fruit
    Cempedak fruit is yellowish green when young and becomes brownish-yellow when it is old (ripe)
After the pollination occurs, the female flowers will grow into cempedak fruit which is generally round elongated shape. The average size of cempedak fruit is 40 cm long and 20 cm in diameter. Thorns on the skin of cempedak fruit are not as sharp and as rough as jackfruit. Cempedak fruit is yellowish green when young and becomes brownish-yellow when it is old (ripe).

Flesh Calophyllum inophyllum (Nyamplung) cempedak shaped thin, soft, fibrous, with a yellowish white color and a very strong aroma. Although the skin of the fruit and the dam is removed, nyamplung will remain attached to the fruit stalk, because of the bond with the petiole very closely.

  • Seed
    seed cempedak
    cempedak seeds can also be consumed after boiling
Cempedak seeds are smaller than jackfruit seeds with shape slightly round, just like the flesh. Just like jackfruit, cempedak seeds can also be consumed after boiling.

Kingdom It is of a kind Living organisms such as trees, shrubs, plants, grasses, ferns, and moss. It usually grows and settles in a permanent place, can absorb water and inorganic substances through its roots, and synthesize nutrients in its leaves through the process of photosynthesis using green pigments. Ultimately, the liquid will melt which then becomes the water supply and nutrients for plants and aquatic organisms.
Subkingdom A plant that is characterized by the presence of conducting tissue.
Vascular plants
Superdivision Seed plants are the familiar green components of wild, modified, and managed landscapes. They provide many of the things that are important to humans and other animal species: timber and paper, shelter, food, drugs, clothing, flowers, and, along with other photosynthetic organisms, they sustain life by converting sunlight into chemical energy and providing atmospheric oxygen.
Seed plants (seeds)
Division A plant that produces flowers; an angiosperm. "Trees, shrubs, bushes and flowering plants were being planted on the graves."
Flowering plants
Class Flowering plants with embryos containing two cotyledons (seed leaves). Dicotyledon is a larger part of two large divisions of flowering plants and usually has broad and wavy leaves with a clean vein (eg, daisies, hawthorns, oaks). "However, it should be remembered that the dicotyledon younger leaves are more heterogeneous such as the age of the cells than the monocots."
Subclass Hamamelididae is an obsolete botanical name at the rank of subclass. Because some Hamamelidae relatives contain Aments (ie, catkins), this subclass has been formerly known as Amentiferae. Based on the work of molecular phylogeny, Hamamelidae appears to be a polyphyletic group.
A botanical name is a formal scientific name
Order Before molecular phylogenetics became an important part of plant taxonomy, Urticales was recognized in many, perhaps even most, systems of plant classification, with some variations in circumscription. Among them is the Cronquist system (1981), which places orders in the subclass of Hamamelidae, which consists of:

  • Barbeyaceae
  • Cannabaceae
  • Cecropiaceae
  • Moraceae
  • Ulmaceae
  • Urticaceae
Urticales is a botanical name for what used to be an order of flowering plants
Family The Moraceae — often called the mulberry family or fig family — are a family of flowering plants comprising about 38 genera and over 1180 species. Most are widespread in the tropics and subtropics, less so in temperate regions. The only synapomorphy in Moraceae is the presence of laticifers and milk sap in all parenchymal tissues, but generally useful field characters include two occasional masks with a less conspicuous compound and multiple fruits. Includes famous plants such as fig, banyan, breadfruit, mulberry, and orang-orbital. 'Flower' Moraceae is often pseudanthia (reducing inflorescence).
Mulberry family
Genus Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a flowering tree species in the mulberry and jackfruit family (Moraceae) originating from the South Pacific then spreading throughout the Oceania world. The English and French navigators introduced several varieties of Polynesian unleaded fruits to Caribbean islands in the late 18th century and now have grown in 90 countries throughout South and Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean, Central America and Africa. Naming is taken from the texture of ripe fruit when cooked, the texture is similar to freshly baked bread and has a taste like potatoes.
Artocarpus J.R. Forst. & G. Forst
Species Cempedak is a fruit plant from the family Moraceae. The shape of the fruit, taste, and fragrance like jackfruit, although the aroma is often strong piercing like durian fruit.
Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr

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